This problem caused me a few headaches but I found the answer eventually and I reproduce it here to help any others with a similar problem.
I am running apache webserver on Linux with virtual hosting and had the following in my sites-enabled folder, in a file called example
My problem was that http://www.example.com was working as expected, but http://example.com was taking me to the “It works” apache default page. The ServerAlias directive was not working.
All my other virtual domains worked as expected. https://another.com/ and https://www.another.com/ both pointed to the correct page. The headache was that I could see no difference between the configuration for example.com or another.com
I eventually found an answer.
In my sites-enabled directory, I have a 000-default. If apache cannot match a virtual host, for example accessing the server by an IP address, it will use the first site in the folder – 000-default in my case.
I discovered that the configuration file for my default site did not have a ServerName entry. After I added an entry ServerName default , http://example.com pointed to the right page.
To be honest, I cannot fully work out why. I can see that example.com may have found a match in the default but why did another.com not match?
Anyway, in summary, make sure all your site configuration files have a ServerName entry.